Athens Agora

The Ancient Agora of Classical Athens is the best-known example of an ancient Greek agora, located to the northwest of the Acropolis and bounded on the south by the hill of the Areopagus and on the west by the hill known as the Agoraios Kolonos, also called Market Hill. The Agora’s initial use was for a commercial, assembly, or residential gathering place.  Just outside the Acropolis entrance is Mars Hill which overlooks the Agora. Its was from this vantage point that Paul the Apostle to the gentiles spoke to “Men of Athens”

22 So Paul stood in the midst of the Areopagus and said, “Men of Athens, I see that you are very religious in all respects. 23 For while I was passing through and examining the objects of your worship, I also found an altar with this inscription, ‘TO AN UNKNOWN GOD.’ Therefore, what you worship in ignorance, this I proclaim to you. 24 The God who made the world and everything that is in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made by hands; 25 nor is He served by human hands, as though He needed anything, since He Himself gives to all people life and breath and all things; 26 and He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their habitation, 27 that they would seek God, if perhaps they might feel around for Him and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us; 28 for in Him we live and move and exist, as even some of your own poets have said, ‘For we also are His descendants.’ 29 Therefore, since we are the descendants of God, we ought not to think that the Divine Nature is like gold or silver or stone, an image formed by human skill and thought. 30 So having overlooked the times of ignorance, God is now proclaiming to mankind that all people everywhere are to repent, 31 because He has set a day on which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all people  by raising Him from the dead.”

Above: a photo taken from the Stoa of Attalos (Attalus) The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion is clearly visible in the distance.

Above: Looking down on the Agora from the Acropolis – The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion is clearly visible in the Agora

Above & Below: The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion

Above & Below: The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion

Above: The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion

Above: Agora Container for offerings to the dead 5th Century BC

Above: kleroteria – allotment machine for jury service. Agora Museum, Athens

Above: The Agora Bema from which Paul spoke to the people

Above: Antoninus Pius also known as Antoninus, was Roman Emperor from 138 to 161. He was one of the Five Good Emperors in the Nerva–Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii

Above: Unfinished 2nd Century Bust of a woman

Above: Portrait Bust of a Roman Matron 2nd Century AD

Above: Portrait head of Ailius Verus 3rd Century. He was adopted as emperor Hadrian’s heir but died to soon to succeed him.

Above: Torso in Agora of roman Emperor Hadrian